Another major danger hovering on Earth, a big hole in the ozone layer, can cause damage. Another major threat hovering on Earth, a large hole in the ozone layer, can cause damage to the ozone layer over the Arctic due to severe freezing. According to scientists, life on Earth is not possible without the Ozone Layer. As the layer becomes thinner or holes in, it will grow.
Some information was giving relief to the people amidst the bad news related to Coronavirus. These include information such as the occurrence of air pollution, the clearing of rivers, and the fixing of the ozone layer over Antarctica. It has now been reported that there has been a huge hole in the ozone layer above the Arctic at the north pole. Scientists say that this hole is about 1 million square kilometers.
Yet it is much smaller than the hole in Antarctica, which spreads from two to 25 million square km in three-four months.
Holes formed over the Arctic due to more cold
The change in the atmosphere is also the reason for this new hole built over the Arctic. At this time, the weather at the North Pole is unexpectedly colder than in previous years. Ozone decreases during winter in both poles. This is much less on the Arctic than in Antarctica. This hole is made up of very low temperatures at the poles, sunlight, very large air vortices, and chlorofluorocarbon materials.
The North Pole is generally not as cold as Antarctica. This year there were a lot of colds and a polar vortex formed on the stratosphere. As soon as the sunlight reached the cold weather, the ozone started to fade. Nevertheless, its volume was much less than the South Pole.
This hole of about one million square kilometers above the Arctic is much smaller than the hole in Antarctica, which spreads from two to two and a half million square kilometers in three to four months.
There has been a huge drop in the amount of ozone.
Based on the data of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite, scientists found that there has been a huge decline in the amount of ozone over the Arctic region. Due to this, there has been a big hole in the ozone layer. Big amounts of ozone are found at the bottom of the stratosphere layer of the Earth’s atmosphere. It,s called the ozone layer.
This layer prevents harmful ultraviolet rays (UV-Rays) from the Sun on the surface of the Earth, which can cause many problems with life on Earth .there is a hole in the ozone layer, its the hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica. Here the amount of ozone has reduced due to pollution, due to which ultraviolet rays come directly on the surface of the Earth.
Scientists have seen very small holes.
Even earlier, scientists have seen such very small holes above the Arctic region. This year it is looking much bigger than before. At the same time, the ozone hole over Antarctica has improved significantly for the last one or two years. This year, due to the ongoing lockdown due to the Coronavirus, the entire functioning of this hole in the ozone layer was disturbed, which also made a difference.
Scientists believe that the improvement in the ozone hole over the past few years has been possible due to the implementation of the Montreal Protocol in force since 1987, which banned the emission of chlorofluorocarbons worldwide. This study has been done with the trophy equipment of the Copernicus Sentinel-5P satellite, which examines the number of different gases in the atmosphere. It is proving to be an important tool for monitoring the environment.
Due to the hole in the ozone layer, there will be an increase in the speed of melting ice with an increase in the heat here.
This will harm humans, animals, and crops.
The hole in the ozone layer is a matter of public concern. This will increase the heat in the Arctic region and increase the speed of the melting of ice here. At the same time, due to UV Raz directly on the surface of the Earth, cases of a serious disease like skin cancer can increase in people. Another fatal form of skin cancer may be an increase in cases of melanoma.
According to one study, a 10 percent increase in UVB radiation increases melanoma by 19 percent in men and 16 percent in women. Studies conducted in Punta Arenas, Chile, showed that melanoma increased by 56 percent and non-melanoma skin cancer by 46 percent, with a decrease in ozone and an increase in UVB levels. People may have increased complaints of cataracts of the eye. An increase in UV radiation can affect crops.